Pain on the vulva isn’t unheard of, but it’s rarely a cause for major concern. In fact, most women will experience pain or discomfort at least once during their lifetime. There are many different causes behind it, so duration and intensity vary a lot in different cases.
During ovulation, an egg descends through the fallopian tubes to be fertilized during intercourse. This usually occurs 14 days before a woman’s period, around the middle of the menstrual cycle.
Women might experience vulvar pain and think it’s caused by ovulation or that it can mess with their chances to conceive.
Can vulvar pain occur during ovulation?
The short answer is “yes”. If you experience vulvar pain because of any condition or injury, then this pain will carry over ovulation.
Infection, tearing, and conditions like vulvodynia manifest or cause vulvar pain during different stages of women’s lives. Infection often causes lasting pain until the condition is treated, but other causes can be more sporadical.
For instance, pain resulting from damage to the vulva (tearing, rough sex, awkward positions, and abuse) often goes away on its own with rest; a day’s rest can get rid of it. Vulvodynia also tends to occur and disappear at random times.
If these causes manifest during ovulation, you might experience pain during it.
Can ovulation cause vulvar pain?
Now, the real answer to whether vulvar pain can occur during ovulation is more of a “yes, but…”
Vulvar pain can occur during ovulation, but ovulation doesn’t cause vulvar pain. The egg descent may cause discomfort in the pelvic region, but it has nothing to do with the vulva or vagina.
In other words, if you experience pain in the vulva, then it’s caused by something other than ovulation. Even if it appears during ovulation, it could be caused by other conditions like vulvodynia.
Can vulvar pain affect fertility?
Vulvar pain can’t affect fertility by itself. However, vulvar pain can make it harder to conceive a child if it’s too uncomfortable to have sex because of it.
Luckily, the same occurs with the causes behind vulvar (and solely vulvar) pain. Infections, trauma, vulvodynia, and rarer conditions don’t affect your ovaries or general fertility other than making sex undesired while the pain is present.
However, there’s an exception to cancer. While the condition itself shouldn’t affect your fertility, treatment could do so; at least, you’d have to wait before recovering before trying to have a baby.
Common causes for vulvar pain
While ovulation doesn’t cause pain by itself, there are different possible causes behind any discomfort you experience during this period.
Vulvodynia is a name given to pain on the vulva that lasts for at least 3 months, and its cause can’t be specified. It can feel like soreness, burning, or any type of irritation, and the symptoms can be provoked occasionally.
Cyclic vulvodynia is one of many types, and the pain may vary depending on the stage of your menstrual cycle. Some women might feel ovulation makes it worse.
The causes for vulvodynia are unknown, and all of the following causes can also be considered as vulvodynia factors.
Both bacterial and yeast infections cause vulvar pain. Yeast infections occur due to yeast overgrowth, probably from hormone changes, antibiotics, or poor ventilation.
A bacterial infection usually shows with pH imbalances, and one of the reasons for this imbalance include changing partners or using douches.
Finally, some STI’s can cause vulvar pain, so it’s important to get screened if the pain shows after starting a new relationship or having intercourse with someone for the first time.
Vulvar cancer grows quite slow, and it’s one of the rarer types of cancer. Among the risk factors for developing this disease, we have intraepithelial neoplasia, genital warts history, and HPV.
However, vulvar cancer doesn’t manifest as only pain. Patients can also experience itching, skin color and thickness changes, ulcers or strange bumps and lumps, and bleeding regardless of whether or not you’re in your period.
Injury and trauma
Finally, vulvar pain can be caused by a physical injury like trauma or friction during intercourse. Women who try to rush through intercourse might skip foreplay and not be aroused enough, resulting in less lubrication than necessary.
If this occurs, small tears can show on the vagina, and having sex before this heal can be dangerous. They usually take less than a couple of days to heal.
Injury to the nerves or sexual abuse can also cause vulvar pain, which can extend all the way to a woman’s period. Activity that places pressure on the vagina, like cycling, can also be a reason for this pain.
How do you have sex while experiencing vulvar pain?
We recommend using natural aphrodisiacs like Spanish Fly Pro to help ease the pain. You get to experience elevated libido levels and natural vaginal lubrication, which will ensure that you don’t feel as much pain. You will experience less of vulvar pain while still enjoying some great sex. Additionally, with no side effects, it’s also easy to buy and take when you need it.
Treating vulvar pain
Treatment depends on the condition, and it aims towards solving the underlying issue instead of the symptoms:
- For infections, your doctor will recommend antibiotics or antifungal treatment to get rid of the problem.
- Cancer requires the corresponding treatment, usually chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery.
- Vulvodynia has no specific treatments due to the lack of cause identification, but your doctor might tell you to take pain medication or relaxing practices to reduce discomfort.
- Physical trauma usually heals on its own, and you just need to take a break for a few days tops for it to disappear.
Preventing vulvar pain
Here are a few tips that you can use to help ease the pain.
- Keep good hygiene to avoid infection.
- Ensure enough foreplay and arousal for lubrication before penetration. Use lubricants if needed.
- Use cotton underwear that’s not overtight and allows for ventilation.
- Take regular tests for STI’s or cancer to rule out these causes.
- Use cold packs to treat localized pain if necessary.
- A population-based assessment of chronic unexplained vulvar pain: have we underestimated the prevalence of vulvodynia? | https://europepmc.org/article/med/12744420
- Management of vulvar pain | https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1396-0296.2004.04014.x
- Sexual Function, Relationship Adjustment, and the Relational Impact of Pain in Male Partners of Women with Provoked Vulvar Pain | https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1743609515307566
- Vaginal colonization by bacteria and yeast | https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0002937888901111
- Vulvodynia ‐ a complex syndrome of vulvar pain | https://obgyn.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.3109/00016349509024442